Diagnostic Endosonography - Pancreatic cyst
This is the case of a 54-year-old woman without any episodes of acute pancreatitis in her medical history. The patient suffered from intermittent epigastric pain for one year. Sonography and CT scan revealed a subtle cystic structure within the pancreatic head.
Here, a diagnostic endosonography is performed and the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions in the pancreas is discussed.
Take home messages:
Endosonography is the most sensitive diagnostic tool to visualize small cystic lesions in the pancreas.
The differential diagnosis in this case includes a serous cystic neoplasia, previously called serous cystadenoma, a mucinous cystic neoplasia, and an intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia of the „branch duct“ type.
While serous cystic neoplasias do commonly not progress to malignancy, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasias are known to be precancerous lesions.
Live endoscopy from the HSK Dr. Horst Schmidt Hospitals in Wiesbaden in collaboration with „Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy“. Recording in the context of the Falk Symposium 185 „Interfaces and Controversies in Gastroenterology“ on October 3rd – 4th, 2012.
©2013 Elsevier. All rights reserved. With the friendly assistance of Falk Foundation e.V., Freiburg.
Erwin Günther, Wiesbaden, HSK Dr. Horst-Schmidt-Kliniken Germany;
Chris Mulder, Vrieje Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands